Brighten teeth - tips and home remedies for bright white teeth
Tooth discoloration - causes, prevention and removal with effective home remedies
Teeth can discolour on the surface, or the enamel darkens in the long term. External coloring can be fixed relatively easily, by rinsing or cleaning, the deep tints need other means.
- Causes of discolored teeth
- What to do against tooth discoloration?
- Tips and home remedies to whiten the teeth
- When to the doctor with tooth discoloration?
- Professional bleaching
- For whom is professional whitening not suitable??
- Reasons for the whitening
- Long durability
- who is paying?
Causes of discolored teeth
There are various causes for both internal and external discoloration of teeth. 1) A "felt" on the enamel is the main cause of external discoloration. This felt can in turn be based on various substances: cigarette smoke, coffee, tea, mate, red wine, berries such as raspberries, blackberries, blueberries or currants, spices such as curry or turmeric. If this is accompanied by insufficient oral hygiene, the color of these substances deposits on the teeth.Some foods and beverages, such as coffee, tea and cigarettes, can lead to unsightly discoloration of the teeth. (Image: freeman83 / fotolia.com)
Tea, red wine, coffee and chocolate contain tannins. These are found in grapes, tea leaves, cherry plums, quinces, kakis, pomegranates, medlars, hops and legumes. Tannins in moderation are part of a healthy diet because they work together, are anti-peptic, help against viruses and bacteria, and are excellent antioxidants. In addition, they promote digestion, as anyone who runs after morning coffee on the toilet knows.
However, after eating nourishment containing tannins, we should brush our teeth thoroughly as they will turn the teeth yellow-brown.
2) Age discolors the enamel. On the one hand, this is due to the permanent coloration of food and drinks, but at the same time, the strength of the tooth enamel also decreases.
3) Nicotine and tar discolor the teeth yellowish to blackish. The more and the longer a person smokes, the darker the discoloration.
4) Discoloured plaque due to bacteria is natural and can be easily removed by regular brushing.
5) Inheritance. Humans have a natural tooth color. For some, the enamel is darker than others.
6) Hardly known as cause of a dark coloring of the teeth is the thickness of the enamel. This protects the inside of the tooth and its color is whitish. The dentin he protects, however, is dirty yellow. If the enamel is thin now, then the dark dentin shimmers through it.
The older we get, the thinner the enamel gets. But even teeth grinding, acids or sand can reduce tooth enamel.
7) tartar. The so-called tartar called minerals that accumulate in the plaque. These minerals appear as dark spots on the tartar.
8) Caries can darken the dentin. This makes the whole tooth darker.The most important measure for the prevention of tooth discoloration is regular and thorough oral hygiene. (Image: K.- P. Adler / fotolia.com)
What to do against tooth discoloration?
1) Be careful with coloring substances. If you reduce smoking, coffee, red wine and tea, you will reduce the resulting discolouration. A complete renunciation is not appropriate, because the tannins present in red wine, tea and coffee do well in moderation to the organism. Instead of giving up fruit juice, wine or tea, you can pull oil through your teeth and spit it out.
2) Most important is sufficient dental hygiene. The teeth should be brushed with a toothbrush and toothpaste twice a day, in the morning and in the evening - thoroughly. Thorough means, especially on the back of the teeth, to pay attention to tooth gaps and bumps, as deposits form here.
Dental floss and mouthwash combats bacteria in the mouth. Often forgotten, but also necessary is the cleaning of the tongue, either with the toothbrush and / or with special tongue scrapers, which you can acquire in drugstores. The tongue is a paradise for bacteria.
3) Professional teeth cleaning offer dentists. First of all, they keep the teeth white for a long time and, secondly, eliminate already existing discolourations. A standard dental cleaning paid the health insurance, an intensive cleaning costs around 80.00 euros.
4) Use the right toothbrush. Many clean bristles with the slogan "sweep the iron broom" because they think they are more thorough than others. But whoever attacks his teeth in such a way damages the tartar, and the weakened tartar becomes susceptible to discoloration.
Tips and home remedies to whiten the teeth
The previous methods are primarily used to prevent discoloration. However, if their teeth have already discolored, home remedies help to bleach them. Avoid all techniques that lead to white teeth, but destroy them.
1) Eat raw fruits and vegetables. Apples and pears, carrots, broccoli or celery cleanse the teeth, and this applies to all fruits and vegetables that are both hard and have many fibers. This does not help against deep discoloration, but it is good against superficial darkening caused by coloring food and drinks. You should thoroughly chew the fruits and vegetables for it. This will also promote the salivation, which also cleanses the teeth.Raw fruits and vegetables cleanse the teeth. (Image: Богдан Шевченко / fotolia.com)
2) Soda, mixed with water, dries off the plaque. Although this reduces the discoloration in the short term, but roughened the enamel and strengthened in the long run, the discoloration, so it is not recommended.
3) Clove oil is a classic toothache. Since tooth decay also causes discoloration, it is useful to remove discoloration by caries. For this, apply clove oil to your toothpaste and brush your teeth with it.
4) Olive oil has the advantage that it is cheap and always available. You put olive oil on a tablespoon and pull it through the teeth. The oil binds coloring matter on the teeth and pulls it out so. If you spit out the oil, you spit out the coloring matter.
In addition, they improve their pH in the mouth and thus provide the enamel a good environment. So the oil binds the coloring substances, secondly it defuses the acids.
4) Orange peel contains D-Limonene in the white inner skin, and these teeth brighten up with regular use. For this rub the inner skin of a fresh orange daily over the teeth.
5) Sage was a means of our ancestors to brush their teeth. As the leaves are slightly rough, they first scrape off the plaque like broccoli or carrots. Second, sage has antibacterial, antiviral and antiseptic substances. You can chew the leaves or wrap around a toothbrush and brush with it.
4) Lemon juice fades the teeth by the acid, at the same time the acid attacks the tooth enamel. To whiten the teeth while preserving the enamel, you can rinse your mouth with soda after you have pulled the juice through your teeth.
For all methods of cleaning the teeth with acidic liquids, it is important to abstain from coffee, tea or cigarettes in the hours thereafter. The enamel is weakened once and can easily discolor again.Lemon juice blurs the teeth, but also attacks the enamel and should therefore be used sparingly. The same applies to soda. (Image: Orlando Bellini / fotolia.com)
When to the doctor with tooth discoloration?
The home remedies generally help with superficial discoloration. They should go to the doctor, though
- the discolorations come from inside the tooth
- are punctual
- associated with toothache
- dark edges on the necks of the teeth can be seen
- the discolored teeth are sensitive to cold, heat, acid or sweet.
- the discoloration is intense.
Bleaching refers to a gentle bleaching of the teeth under the professional care of a dentist or in its treatment. This goes beyond the thorough cleaning of the teeth by the doctor.
The bleaching is based on carbamide peroxide, ie from the carrier carbamide and hydrogen peroxide. The carbamide releases the hydrogen peroxide only slowly, so that it can penetrate into the teeth in small quantities.
For a home bleaching, the dentist takes an impression of their teeth and produces a plastic splint. These are filled at home with a dentist prescribed whitening gel and worn daily for several hours. The treatment lasts about two weeks.
The dentist himself uses significantly higher levels of bleach in his practice. These contain hydrogen peroxide. The advantage over home bleaching is that you can immediately see the result. The disadvantage is that the whitened teeth discolour faster.
First, the doctor thoroughly cleans their teeth of tartar and discoloration. Then he covers the gums with a foil, so that the lightening agent does not damage the gums. Now he carries out the bleaching gel. Depending on the method, he still uses UV light or laser.
A special case is bleaching, when their teeth darken after a root canal treatment. Then the dentist brings the bleach directly into the tooth interior.
The professional teeth whitening lasts two to three years. But it does not mean a free ticket. The more coffee they drink and the more cigarettes they smoke, the less they brush their teeth and rinse their mouths with mouthwash, the sooner it will turn to discoloration.The dentist brightens discolored teeth with highly concentrated bleach. (Image: blackday / fotolia.com)
Before the teeth are whitened, a professional tooth cleaning and an examination by the dentist for untreated caries or brittle fillings. If the hydrogen peroxide penetrates here, this causes severe pain to the nerves.
For whom is professional whitening not suitable??
Even a dentist can not prevent the lightening agent from touching nerves. Therefore, you should not whiten your teeth in this way if you suffer from bleeding gums, your dental bed is inflamed, you have tooth decay or your enamel is already damaged. The doctor also checks if fillings are leaking or if tooth necks are exposed. If this is the case, he must first fix this condition.
Advice against bleaching with hydrogen peroxide is for children and adolescents, pregnant women and nursing women.
Such lightening costs 250 to 700 euros, home bleaching 250 to 400 euros. Often, however, a professional tooth cleaning, without gel, UV light or laser, for which they can count about 80 euros is enough. Also pay attention to the natural color of your teeth. If your tooth-inside naturally darkens, you will not appear in bright white even after a bleaching.
Expect her teeth to be sensitive to pain after treatment for several days after treatment; her gums can temporarily hurt. Both are also the case after a professional tooth cleaning.
Reasons for the whitening
The whitening of the teeth has no medical indications, but aesthetic and therefore mental. Some people develop poor self-esteem because they believe that their discolored teeth will make a negative impression on other people, and that may well be true.
While others do not have a low self-esteem, they think they get better at work when their teeth are white. That's just right for occupations that are based on public impact. These include sellers and politicians.
Still others want to get better at potential mates and partners and think that white teeth strengthen their sexual appeal. That too can not be denied.
However, a warning is given in all measures to better affect other people through whiter teeth. Anyone who has serious mental problems does not solve them by brightening them up. Here is a psychotherapeutic care announced, and it should be part of the ethos of the attending physician to convey this.
In contrast to the cheaper teeth cleaning by a doctor, the more expensive bleaching has the advantage of sustainability and the better result. The aesthetic result is much better than just removing the tartar and "patina".
who is paying?
Bleaching is not a medical necessity, and therefore no public health insurance pays. If you have dental insurance, you will usually be compensated for part of the cost. (Dr. Utz Anhalt)