Gum Drop - Causes and Therapy

Gum Drop - Causes and Therapy / symptoms
The gums retract, lose volume and expose the underlying necks of the teeth. This process is called gum recession or gum recession. The roots hold the teeth in the bone. Between the roots and the protruding part, the crown, are the tooth necks. These are usually covered with gums. However, if this retracts, the tooth necks become visible. This is not only unpleasant, but can be quite uncomfortable and also cause the ingress of bacteria. In addition, the teeth lose stability when the gums dwindle.


  • Causes of gum loss
  • Gum loss detected in time
  • Increased risk of plaque formation and inflammation
  • Treatment at the dentist
  • home remedies
  • Naturopathy

Causes of gum loss

No matter what causes the gum decline, a visit to a dentist is urgently needed. To prevent worse, medical advice should be sought in good time.

A decrease in the gums can significantly affect the stability of the periodontium. (Image: K.-U. Häßler /

Gingivitis (gingivitis)
Swollen, reddened gums and bleeding gums - all this indicates gingivitis. In the mouth are a variety of bacteria, which is completely normal. However, if bacteria get stuck on the surface of the tooth, and if they multiply there, plaque develops. This happens within a few days. Plaque can be removed from the interdental spaces only with the help of an interdental brush or dental floss. Such a coating arises when too little saliva is present, the interdental spaces are too narrow or too little "chewed". The occurrence of gingivitis is often the result.

Other causes of plaque formation are carious defects and also the type of germs that make up the plaque has an effect on its formation. Not infrequently, the bacteria enter the gap between the tooth and the gums, which can lead to gingivitis.

In case of periodontitis, the gum recession is irreversible and, in the worst case, tooth loss is imminent. (Image: Henrie /

Periodontitis - periodontal pockets have arisen
Plaque is not properly cleaned off, this solidifies. This results in tartar, which should be removed at regular intervals by the dentist. Tartar has a rough surface on which more bacteria can get stuck. If the gap between the tooth and the gums then increases, so-called periodontal pockets, better known as periodontitis, form. In the worst case, this leads to the loss of teeth.

The symptoms of periodontal disease include gum bleeding, gum bleeding, sensitive and swollen gums, bad breath, pus, loose teeth, tenderness of the gums, and eventually teeth may not fit properly.

Scientific studies show that smoking increases the risk of getting gingivitis. Nicotine deposits on the teeth and the oral mucosa. This favors a gum decline.

Teeth grinding (bruxism)
Teeth grinding at night is a permanent strain on the entire periodontium. The temporomandibular joints, but also the muscles of the jaw, neck and back are affected. In addition, the gums are constantly irritated when crunching, which can be the cause of gum decline. An individually adapted bite splint protects the teeth. However, here are urgent to fix the causes of the crunch. Fears, stress and mental stress are among the most common reasons for an existing bruxism.

Proper brushing is the basis for healthy gums and healthy teeth. (Image: Peter Atkins /

Wrong oral care - Tips for proper oral hygiene
Wrong or inadequate oral hygiene can sooner or later lead to a loss of the gums. Rarely brushing your teeth, wrong technique, wrong brushing, neglecting the interdental spaces - all of which can have a negative impact on the gums.

At least twice a day, morning and evening, teeth should be brushed for three minutes. Dentist or dental assistant show the right brushing technique. It is always cleaned from red to white, ie from the gums to the tooth. The rule is: Immediately brush your teeth after eating. However, this is not always literal. After consuming acidic foods, such as fruit juices, soft drinks, apples, oranges and kiwis, it is best to wait for half an hour or an hour to brush your teeth. The acids dissolve minerals out of the tooth enamel and thus weaken the protective layer. If you clean it now, the enamel will be rubbed off. This is unfortunately irreversible.

Each cleaning process also involves cleaning the gaps with a suitable interdental toothbrush or dental floss. Rinsing with the oral irrigator is not enough. For cleaning, it is best to use rounded plastic bristles. Natural bristles are not suitable, because here the bacteria can really feel good. At the latest after two months the toothbrush must be renewed. Electric toothbrushes clean better than the normal hand brushes. Also, their handling is easier.

It is important to chew to stimulate the salivation. Here raw food is recommended. If cleaning on the way is not possible, chewing a chewing gum without sugar will help. Healthy oral hygiene also includes regular visits to the dentist twice a year.

Hyperacidity in the oral flora may favor a decrease of the gums. The acidity in the mouth should therefore be as low as possible. Green tea is something very healthy for the oral flora and also has a disinfecting effect. Cheese, probiotic yogurts, kefir - all this is healthy for the intestines, but also for the oral flora, since the digestion starts there. However, sugary drinks create an unhealthy environment. Mineral water is definitely the better choice here.

The intestinal flora
In the intestine there is a large number of bacteria. That's a good thing. These physiological bacteria live in a symbiosis with each other and ensure an intact immune system. If the intestinal flora is disturbed by an imbalance, this can also have a negative effect on the oral flora. Perhaps there are too few of the "good" bacteria present and "bad" have taken root. The immune system suffers from this and can no longer ward off inflammatory processes in the mouth.

Oral piercings require special oral hygiene to prevent inflammation and gum recession. Regular checks at the dentist are essential. Careful oral hygiene is essential. If there is a stick in the tongue, it is best to remove and clean it regularly so that no tartar builds up there.

Poorly fitting prostheses, braces
Both poorly fitting prostheses and wearing braces can lead to gum recession. A dentist and / or orthodontist should be consulted here to prevent this.

Gum loss detected in time

To counteract the gum recession, this must be discovered in time. The following symptoms indicate recurring bleeding when brushing or eating apples, dark red gums, loose teeth, exposed tooth necks, sudden bad breath, yellowish deposits between the gums and tooth neck, redness and swelling.

Increased risk of plaque formation and inflammation

The brush one's teeth several times a day, regularly use the floss, but still get inflammation. Others do not have such good oral hygiene and remain free of inflammation - why is that??

The following factors increase the risk of getting gingivitis and then suffer from gum decline: low salivation, insufficient chewing, a weakened immune system, the use of immunosuppressive drugs, diabetes mellitus, smoking, stress and pregnancy. Medications that lower blood pressure can also cause swelling of the gums, which in turn promotes inflammation.

If plaque forms on the teeth, the risk of a drop in the gums is significantly increased. (Image: Zsolt Bota Finna /

Treatment at the dentist

The faster the dentist is visited and the cause is combated, the faster the gum retreat can be treated. If gum disease is due to gingivitis, it is generally reversible. In case of parodonditis, however, this is no longer possible.

Treatment methods include laser therapy, periodontal treatment, ozone therapy and antibiotics.

Causes, such as diabetes, medications, weakened immune systems, hormone disorders are clarified and are to be treated by the respective specialist if necessary.

At the beginning of pregnancy every expectant mother should visit her dentist. This advises them regarding the necessary oral hygiene and can determine whether there may already be inflammations. Inflammation should be treated as quickly as possible, especially in pregnancy, because in the worst case periodontal disease can harm the unborn baby. The hormonal change makes the gums much more sensitive. Some gynecologists therefore advise the two-month inspection at the dentist.

home remedies

Home remedies for gum decline must be applied regularly and over a longer period of time. A single real home remedy does not exist here! Maybe several have to be tried.

Pull oil
Oil pulling helps to remove bacteria from the mouth and thus ensures a healthy oral flora. But immediately after getting up, before something is drunk or eaten, rinsed with a teaspoon of high-quality olives, - coconut or sesame oil of the mouth, that is, the oil is chewed for about three minutes and pressed through the teeth, then spit out and on no case swallowed. The oil turns whitish through the bacteria in the mouth. Only then are the teeth brushed. Pulling daily oil strengthens the defense, supports the physiological oral flora and protects against inflammation and gum recession.

Clove, myrrh, tea tree
Clove, myrrh and tea tree oils, all of these three essential oils have their effects on gingivitis. The oil or oils are added to a glass of lukewarm water (maximum 3 drops per 100 ml of water). Mouth rinses are performed here or the affected areas are blotted with it.

Rinsing with brine helps with inflammation, strengthen the gums and thus counteract a gum retreat. From 125 g of Himalayan salt and half a liter of boiling water, a solution is prepared. A tablespoon of it is put into the mouth, pressed through the teeth and rinsed with it. The initially quite salty taste passes, the longer the solution remains in the mouth. Salt has a disinfecting and healing effect.

Green tea
Three cups of green tea daily strengthen the immune system, have an anti-inflammatory effect and help with acidity. In order to treat a "diseased" gums, the mouth can be additionally rinsed with the green tea.

Camomile, an old household remedy, also serves well here. For existing inflammations, rinse with freshly prepared chamomile tea several times a day.

lemon juice
Lemon juice is an ancient home remedy. Rgelmäßig rinsed the mouth, it works against bleeding gums and strengthens the gums.

The Rathania root is astringent by its tannins. This is especially noticeable in bleeding gums and inflammation. The pharmacies have ready-made mouthwashes with the healthy root ready.

Black Seed Oil
Black cumin oil is a good way to strengthen the gums and reduce inflammation. Suitable ointments, which are massaged daily into the gums, are available in the pharmacy.


Naturopathy also has therapy options ready for use in dentistry. These can be used together with the dental treatment.

Examples of homeopathy for the treatment of gum disease are Arnica, Apis, Calendula, Cantharis, Mercurius sublimatus corrosivus or phosphorus. In order to find the right, appropriate remedy, an exact consultation of the patients is necessary.

Schüssler salts
From the area of ​​the Schüssler salts strengthens number 1 Calcium fluoratum the gums, number 3 Ferrum phosphoricum helps against inflammations and bleeding gums, number 11 Silicea fortifies and number 4 potassium chloratum ensures a healthy gums.

Acupuncture, a traditional Chinese medicine therapy, has a number of issues that, when needled, can have a healing effect on the periodontium.

intestinal cleansing
As already mentioned, an intact intestinal flora is also important for a healthy climate in the mouth. For those with gum decline, bowel rehabilitation is recommended. It is first tried to eliminate any resident pathological germs, then rebuild the intestine with high-dose physiological bacteria. (Sw)
Specialist supervision: Barbara Schindewolf-Lensch (doctor)